Canine anal sac surgery
Anal sac squamous cell carcinoma SCC is a rare tumor in dogs. Only eight cases have been described in the literature, and previous reports of treatment only describe surgery or palliative treatment with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. We report a case of a year-old female neutered Labrador with locally advanced anal sac SCC. The dog achieved a complete response, and one year later the dog is still alive and well with no evidence of tumor recurrence.
Anal sacs: a new approach to an old problem?
Anal sacs: a new approach to an old problem? | Veterinary Practice
When a dog defecates, the muscles contract and allow the anal sacs to release a foul-smelling, dark-colored substance and empty out the anal sacs. However, dogs that suffer from anal gland impaction, infection, or abscess cannot secrete this substance and often require veterinary aid. If these problems cannot be managed medically, the veterinary surgeon will need to remove the anal sacs. Prior to conducting the anal sacculectomy, the surgical team will perform a blood chemistry test to ensure the canine is healthy enough to undergo surgery.
Anal Sacculectomy in Dogs
Peter Dobias, DVM has 30 years of experience as a veterinarian. His love of dogs and passion for natural healing and nutrition led him to writing, teaching and helping people create health naturally, without drugs, chemicals and processed food. There is a general misperception that a dog's anal glands should be manually emptied on a regular basis. In fact, expressing the glands too often may lead to decreased tone, delayed emptying and anal gland disease. Most vets learn about anal glands in vet school, but I had the pleasure of learning about that particular part of canine anatomy much earlier in life from our family dog - a dachshund Gerda.
How often should anal sacs be emptied and what are some of the misconceptions about the best antibiotics to use for infection? What are anal sacs and why do they fill up? Anal sacs, sometimes mistakenly referred to as anal glands, are two small structures located between the internal and external sphincter muscles. Each sac is lined with both sebaceous and apocrine glands whose combined secretions produce a semi-oil foul smelling brown liquid. As the anal sphincter muscles expand, as defaecation occurs, pressure on the sacs leads to the expulsion of their contents over the faeces.